24/05/2011 - Mis à jour : 17/06/2011 - Key French Social Security Figures - Tout thème
Key French Social Security Figures 2009

Key French Social Security Figures 2009

The French social security system was founded in 1945 in order to “ensure that everyone should have the means required to support themselves and their family in decent conditions, under all circumstances” [1]. It is based on the principle of solidarity which
guarantees everyone’s financial protection against life’s uncertainties.

It covers health insurance, occupational injuries and diseases, old-age insurance and family benefits.These four main branches of the social security system are completed by the collection of social contributions and cash management.

The French social security system is underpinned by the principles of universality and unity. It is administered through a number of different schemes : general scheme ; agricultural workers’ and farmers’
scheme managed by the CCMSA ; and the RSI scheme for the self-employed which covers the craft and trade sectors, the commercial sector and independent professionals. Other, ‘special’ schemes cover
specific professions such as civil servants.
The general scheme alone accounts for about three quarters of the total expenditure incurred by the social security schemes.

In 2009, total net expenditures reached 312.7 billion euros for the general scheme and amounted to 428.4 billion euros for all schemes combined.

The French social security system is financed by social contributions paid by employers and employees,
the general social contribution (CSG), as well as various other contributions and taxes.

Public opinion surveys regularly show that the social security system is approved by an overwhelming majority of French people. There tends to be only a limited understanding however of how the system
is organised and the huge amounts of money handled. This document aims to fill the knowledge gap by presenting key figures on the French social security system and providing a better understanding of
how the system has evolved over time and the issues faced today.


[1Explanatory statement from the French decree of 4 october 1945 establishing Social Security